Mediclinic Al Sufouh

Knowledge Village - Dubai

Mediclinic Dubal Mall

Fashion Avenue - Dubai

Testicle lump

testicle lump

Table of Contents

A lump on the testicle is always a good reason to see a doctor. While most cases are benign, there is the possibility that the rapid onset of a painless hardness of the testicle could be cancer. Early diagnosis of testicular cancer is crucial for radical treatment and complete recovery. That is why the self-examination of the testis is essential.

Causes of a testicle lump

The causes of testicle lumps and swellings:

  • A cyst is a fluid-filled sac that can feel like a small, hard lump when touched. Cysts are usually harmless;
  • Hydrocele: a painless collection of fluid around a testicle;
  • Varicocele: swollen veins in the testicles;
  • Epididymitis: painful and swollen epididymis but also tenderness and warmth in the skin around the testicles;
  • Testicular cancer: lump can be the only first symptom of testicular cancer. Most tumours are painless. If the lump originates inside, the testicle may become more prominent or swollen.

Self-examination of the testicles

  • stand in front of a mirror
  • look at the testicles for any swelling of the skin
  • place the first two fingers of each hand under the testicle, with the thumbs on top of the testicle
  • move each testicle between the fingers and thumbs gently to check for lumps

External resources

Self-examination of the testis (video)