Mediclinic Al Sufouh

Knowledge Village - Dubai

Mediclinic Dubal Mall

Fashion Avenue - Dubai

Testicle lump

testicle lump

Table of Contents


A lump on the testicle is always a good reason to see a doctor. While most cases are benign, there is the possibility that the rapid onset of a painless hardness of the testicle could be cancer. Early diagnosis of testicular cancer is crucial for radical treatment and complete recovery. Even if self-examination is essential, it is not possible to diagnose the cause of a lump at home. A person should always seek medical advice.


Causes of a testicle lump

The causes of testicle lumps and swellings:

  • Cyst: fluid-filled sac that can feel like a small, hard lump when touched. Cysts are usually harmless;
  • Hydrocele: a painless collection of fluid around a testicle;
  • Varicocele: swollen veins in the testicles;
  • Epididymitis: painful and swollen epididymis but also tenderness and warmth in the skin around the testicles;
  • Testicular cancer: lump can be the only first symptoms of testicular cancer. Most tumours are painless. If the lump originates from inside, the testicle may become more prominent or swollen.

Self-examination of the testicles

The testicles are easy to examine because of their anatomy and accessibility. Usually, while taking a shower and scrubbing the genital area, we can feel an abnormal change in the testicular size and morphology. However, to do a correct self-examination is helpful to follow these steps:

  • stand in front of a mirror
  • look at the testicles for any swelling of the skin
  • place the first two fingers of each hand under the testicle, with the thumbs on top of the testicle
  • move each testicle between the fingers and thumbs gently to check for lumps

A painless testicular lump may be an early sign of testicular cancer. We strongly recommend physician advice.

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