A lump on the testicle is always a good reason to see a doctor. While most cases are benign, there is the possibility that the rapid onset of a painless hardness of the testicle could be cancer. Early diagnosis of testicular cancer is crucial for radical treatment and complete recovery. That is why the self-examination of the testis is essential.
Causes of a testicle lump
The causes of testicle lumps and swellings:
- A cyst is a fluid-filled sac that can feel like a small, hard lump when touched. Cysts are usually harmless;
- Hydrocele: a painless collection of fluid around a testicle;
- Varicocele: swollen veins in the testicles;
- Epididymitis: painful and swollen epididymis but also tenderness and warmth in the skin around the testicles;
- Testicular cancer: Lumps can be the only first symptom of testicular cancer. Most tumors are painless. If the lump originates inside, the testicle may become more prominent or swollen.
Self-examination of the testicles
- stand in front of a mirror
- look at the testicles for any swelling of the skin
- place the first two fingers of each hand under the testicle, with the thumbs on top of the testicle
- move each testicle between the fingers and thumbs gently to check for lumps
Self-examination of the testis (video)